All in Research Topics

Prisons Need ‘Child-Friendly’ Facilities for Incarcerated Parents: Study

Should parents who are locked up also be locked away from their kids?

If the answer is “no,” then how much time should incarcerated parents be permitted to have with their children—and how could they use that time?

With over one million parents behind bars, the question is critical for the long-term health of their children—estimated at between 1.5 million and 2.3 million, according to a recent study published in the Florida Law Review.

Model Policy: Transgender, Gender Nonconforming, and Intersex Youth in Confinement Facilities

The Need for Policy Guidance

The vulnerability of transgender, gender nonconforming, and intersex (TGNCI) youth is well-documented. In a 2018 survey of 5,600 transgender and gender expansive youth, 84% of youth experienced verbal threats, 53% experienced bullying at school, 57% had been mocked or taunted by their families, and 16% had been sexually attacked or raped – all based on their actual or perceived gender identity. Because of pervasive stigma and discrimination, TGNC youth experience disproportionately high rates of psychological distress, homelessness, and bullying. TGNC youth of color, who experience discrimination at the intersections of race and gender identity, experience extraordinarily high rates of violence and mistreatment.

Racial Disparity of Incarcerated Youth

This map includes rates of incarceration for each state broken out by race, ethnicity, and gender. Custody rates are calculated per 100,000 juveniles ages 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each State. Click on a state to see that state’s overall number of incarcerated youth, and breakdowns of incarcerated youth by race, ethnicity, and gender as compared to the general youth population in that state.

Promoting a New Direction for Youth Justice: Strategies to Fund a Community-Based Continuum of Care and Opportunity

This report identifies proven, promising, and innovative strategies for identifying funds and using those resources to invest in a robust continuum of care and opportunity, particularly in historically disenfranchised communities in which youth and families may be particularly susceptible to justice system involvement. The strategies put forth in this brief cover four areas: capturing and redirecting savings from reduced youth incarceration and facility closure; repurposing youth facilities and leveraging land value; maximizing existing state and federal funding opportunities; and implementing innovative strategies to fund community investment.

Juvenile Facility Data Added to Statistical Briefing Book

OJJDP has updated its Statistical Briefing Book to include national and state data from the 2016 Juvenile Residential Facility Census.

Resources include:

Developed for OJJDP by the National Center for Juvenile Justice, the research division of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, the Statistical Briefing Book offers easy online access to statistics on a variety of juvenile justice topics.