All in Research Topics

On Track: How Well Are States Preparing Youth in the Juvenile Justice System for Employment?

Drawing on first-of-its-kind survey data collected from all 50 states in partnership with the Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators, this new brief from The Council of State Governments Justice Center and the National Reentry Resource Center establishes an unprecedented baseline for understanding how juvenile correctional agencies are preparing youth for employment.

Life-saving Advice for Suicide Prevention From Public Health Experts

When a person commits suicide, family members are often left wondering how they could have saved their loved one’s life. 

Because suicide is often treated as taboo, there’s a misunderstanding of who is at risk and how to save lives, said Judith Harrington, a counselor and associate professor at the University of Montevallo. But signs of suicide can also be subtle and easy to miss, even in close relationships.

Youths with a parent in prison, juvenile justice history three times likely to get depression, PTSD than peers

Young adults with a childhood history of both personal involvement in the juvenile justice system as well as a parent in jail are nearly three times more likely to have depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to peers without any such experience. They are also nearly twice as likely to have anxiety compared to young adults without childhood exposure to the criminal justice system, says a new study.

Juvenile Court Statistics 2017

Juvenile Court Statistics 2017describes delinquency cases and petitioned status offense cases handled between 2005 and 2017 by U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. National estimates of juvenile court delinquency caseloads in 2017 were based on analyses of 577,407 automated case records and court-level statistics summarizing an additional 61,655 cases. Estimates of status offense cases formally processed by juvenile courts in 2017 were based on analyses of 58,768 automated caselevel records and court-level summary statistics on an additional 5,122 cases. The data used in the analyses were contributed to the National Juvenile Court Data Archive (the Archive) by more than 2,500 courts with jurisdiction over 87% of the juvenile population in 2017.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy 2.0

The incarceration rate in the United States has been increasing dramatically since the 1970’s, sparking growing concerns about both the financial costs and human harms associated with having such a large portion of the population behind bars—and one that is disproportionately made up of members of racial and ethnic minority groups from low-income communities. The challenge that leaders in criminal justice face is how to reduce detention rates without increasing crime. Better yet, are there strategies that minimize both criminal activity and the prison population?

Missouri panel recommends school-based mental health care to boost safety in schools

In March, Gov. Mike Parson ordered the creation of a task force to recommend ways to enhance safety within Missouri’s K-12 schools. Member Paul Fennewald, a former FBI agent and state Homeland Security Director, says the group took a multi-faceted approach, including recommending the integration of school-based mental health services and healthcare. The report says teachers and administrators are often pressed into serving as mental health caretakers when one is not available.

Prisons Need ‘Child-Friendly’ Facilities for Incarcerated Parents: Study

Should parents who are locked up also be locked away from their kids?

If the answer is “no,” then how much time should incarcerated parents be permitted to have with their children—and how could they use that time?

With over one million parents behind bars, the question is critical for the long-term health of their children—estimated at between 1.5 million and 2.3 million, according to a recent study published in the Florida Law Review.

Model Policy: Transgender, Gender Nonconforming, and Intersex Youth in Confinement Facilities

The Need for Policy Guidance

The vulnerability of transgender, gender nonconforming, and intersex (TGNCI) youth is well-documented. In a 2018 survey of 5,600 transgender and gender expansive youth, 84% of youth experienced verbal threats, 53% experienced bullying at school, 57% had been mocked or taunted by their families, and 16% had been sexually attacked or raped – all based on their actual or perceived gender identity. Because of pervasive stigma and discrimination, TGNC youth experience disproportionately high rates of psychological distress, homelessness, and bullying. TGNC youth of color, who experience discrimination at the intersections of race and gender identity, experience extraordinarily high rates of violence and mistreatment.

Racial Disparity of Incarcerated Youth

This map includes rates of incarceration for each state broken out by race, ethnicity, and gender. Custody rates are calculated per 100,000 juveniles ages 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each State. Click on a state to see that state’s overall number of incarcerated youth, and breakdowns of incarcerated youth by race, ethnicity, and gender as compared to the general youth population in that state.

Promoting a New Direction for Youth Justice: Strategies to Fund a Community-Based Continuum of Care and Opportunity

This report identifies proven, promising, and innovative strategies for identifying funds and using those resources to invest in a robust continuum of care and opportunity, particularly in historically disenfranchised communities in which youth and families may be particularly susceptible to justice system involvement. The strategies put forth in this brief cover four areas: capturing and redirecting savings from reduced youth incarceration and facility closure; repurposing youth facilities and leveraging land value; maximizing existing state and federal funding opportunities; and implementing innovative strategies to fund community investment.